Future studies aimed at enhancing the absorption of anthocyanins and/or their metabolites are likely to be necessary for their ultimate use for chemoprevention of human cancer.
This review summarizes current knowledge on the various molecular evidences of cancer chemoprevention by anthocyanins. Finally, the bioavailability and structure-activity relationship of anthocyanins are also summarized.
In this review, the latest progress on the anticancer activities of anthocyanins and the underlying molecular mechanisms is summarized using data from basic research in vitro and in vivo, from clinical trials and taking into account theory and practice.
Anti-Diabetic - Published data suggest that anthocyanins may lower blood glucose by improving insulin resistance, protecting β cells, increasing secretion of insulin and reducing digestion of sugars in the small intestine. The mechanisms of action are primarily related to their antioxidant properties, but enzymatic inhibition and other pathways may also be relevant.
Inflammation for Asthma - In the present report, we investigated whether anthocyanins would reduce airway inflammation in a mouse asthma model immunized and challenged with ovalbumin (OVA).
These results suggest that anthocyanins may attenuate the development of asthma by downregulating Th2 cytokines, proinflammatory cytokines, and COX-2. Findings suggest that anthocyanins have positive contributions as a dietary supplement for the prevention of ast